# Equirectangular

Equirectangular projection (opens new window) is one of the simplest way to create the texture of a sphere. It is the default projection used by most 360° cameras.


There is no need to declare the equirectangular adapter as it is the default one, unless you want to change its configuration.

const viewer = new PhotoSphereViewer.Viewer({
    adapter: [PhotoSphereViewer.EquirectangularAdapter, {
        interpolateBackground: true,
    panorama: 'path/panorama.jpg',

# Configuration

# useXmpData

  • type: boolean
  • default true

Read real image size from XMP data, must be kept true if the panorama has been cropped after shot. This is used for cropped panorama.

# backgroundColor

  • type: string
  • default: #000

Background color of the viewer, which will be visible when using cropped panoramas.

# interpolateBackground

  • type: boolean
  • default: false

Interpolate the missing parts of cropped panorama with a blur effect.


The interpolation is done asynchronously in a web worker, as such the panorama will be first be displayed without interpolation with only canvasBackground applied, then the interpolated image will be shown (takes about 1-3 seconds depending on the hardware).

# resolution

  • type: number
  • default: 64

The number of faces of the sphere geometry used to display the panorama, higher values can reduce deformations on straight lines at the cost of performances.

Note: the actual number of faces is resolution² / 2.

# Cropped panorama

Photo Sphere Viewer supports cropped panorama given the appropriate configuration is provided. Cropped panoramas are not covering the whole 360°×180° sphere area but only a smaller portion. For example you might have a image covering 360° horizontally but only 90° vertically, or a semi sphere (180°×180°)

These incomplete panoramas are handled in two ways by Photo Sphere viewer:

  • Read XMP metadata directly from the file with useXmpData option (this is the default)
  • Provide the panoData configuration object/function

Use the Playground at the bottom of this page to find the best values for your panorama.

# Theory

In both case the data contains six important values:

  • Full panorama width
  • Full panorama height
  • Cropped area width
  • Cropped area height
  • Cropped area left
  • Cropped area right

The Full panorama width / Full panorama height ratio must always be 2:1. Cropped area width and Cropped area height are the actual size of your image. Cropped area left and Cropped area right are used to define the cropped area position.

The data can also contains angular values:

  • Pose Heading
  • Pose Pitch
  • Pose Roll


More information on Google documentation (opens new window).

# Provide cropping data

# With XMP

If you created your panorama with a mobile phone or dedicated 360° camera, it should already contain the correct XMP data. Otherwise you can inject it yourself with tools like exiftool (opens new window).

The XMP payload is as follow:

<?xpacket begin="" id="W5M0MpCehiHzreSzNTczkc9d"?>
<x:xmpmeta xmlns:x="adobe:ns:meta/">
  <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#">
    <rdf:Description rdf:about="" xmlns:GPano="http://ns.google.com/photos/1.0/panorama/">
<?xpacket end="r"?>

To write the XMP data to an image file, paste it in a text file and use this command:

exiftool -tagsfromfile data.xmp -all:all panorama.jpg

# Manually

You can also directly pass the values to Photo Sphere Viewer with the panoData parameter.

const viewer = new PhotoSphereViewer.Viewer({
    container: 'viewer',
    panorama: 'path/to/panorama.jpg',
    panoData: {
        fullWidth: 6000,
        fullHeight: 3000,
        croppedWidth: 4000,
        croppedHeight: 2000,
        croppedX: 1000,
        croppedY: 500,
        poseHeading: 0, // 0 to 360
        posePitch: 0, // -90 to 90
        poseRoll: 0, // -180 to 180

# Playground

Use this demo to find the best values for your image.